Gallaudet University Webcast
 

Educational Neuroscience Distinguished Lecture Series - Goswami

Dyslexia, Phonology and the Brain

Dr. Usha Goswami

Merrill Learning Center B-111

April 14, 2016
3:55 PM - 5:35 PM

This event is being simulcast here.

 

"Recent insights from auditory neuroscience provide a new perspective on how the brain encodes speech. Using these recent insights, I will provide an overview of key factors in the development of language and phonology. I will develop an oscillatory “temporal sampling” neural framework for linking auditory processing to phonological development in children. I will show that sensitivity to rhythmic structure is key to developing good phonological skills, and that children with dyslexia are relatively insensitive to rhythm. Rhythmic sensitivity is related to the neural encoding of energy patterns in speech via neuronal oscillatory entrainment."

Dr. Usha Goswami is Professor of Cognitive Developmental Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge, England. Dr. Goswami is also the Director of the Centre for Neuroscience in Education, and a Fellow at St John’s College, Cambridge.

Dr. Goswami’s major contributions to pioneering science and Educational Neuroscience involves her discoveries about the relations between phonology and reading, with special reference to rhyme and analogy in reading acquisition, and rhyme processing in dyslexic and deaf children’s reading. A major focus of the research is cross-linguistic with projects including cross-language studies of the impact of deficits in auditory temporal processing on reading development and developmental dyslexia, neuroimaging studies of the neural networks underpinning reading in good and poor deaf adult readers, studies of reading development and its precursors in deaf children with cochlear implants, and a set of projects based around lexical statistics, investigating the impact of ‘neighbourhood relations’ (similarity relations such as rhyme) in phonological and orthographic processing in different languages.

Dr. Goswami has authored many international publications. She also serves as a member of the Society for Research in Child Development, the Experimental Psychology Society, and the British Psychological Society, among many other professional associations. Dr. Goswami is a Fast Track Editor for Developmental Science, and is on the editorial advisory boards of Reading and Writing, Reading Research Quarterly, and the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, among other professional publications.

Dr. Goswami received her Ph.D. from the University of Oxford, England, in 1987. Prior to moving to University of Cambridge in January 2003, Dr. Goswami was Professor of Cognitive Developmental Psychology at the Institute of Child Health, University College London. Dr. Goswami is the recipient of numerous esteemed awards, including the British Psychology Society Spearman Medal and the Norman Geschwind-Rodin Prize, and she has won Research Fellowships from the National Academy of Education, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and the Leverhulme Trust. In 2013 she was elected a Fellow of the British Academy.

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